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The Governor

The Governor has the power to dissolve the Provincial Assembly of Sindh, if so advised by the Chief Minister. A Bill passed by the Provincial Assembly of Sindh becomes a law when it receives the assent of the Governor. The executive authority of the province is exercised in the name of Governor but in practice the Chief Minister and the cabinet exercise actual executive authority.


The Speaker

The Speaker is elected by the members of the Provincial Assembly through a secret ballot. The Speaker becomes an impartial guardian of the rights and privileges of the members of the House and takes a central position in the Assembly. Although elected as a nominee of a political party, it is assumed that the Speaker will conduct the business of the Assembly in a just and fair manner, as an impartial arbitrator, and manage the proceedings in line with the established norms of democracy. The Speaker is required to create a balance between the Treasury and the Opposition benches.

The Tradition of the Speakership

The Speaker's office is an example of the continuity of democratic traditions. The Speaker enters the assembly's chamber followed by an attendant who carries the mace, the symbol of the Speaker's office. Members rise whenever the Speaker enters the Assembly Hall as a mark of respect for the office.

Powers and Functions


Deputy Speaker

After the general election and the election of the Speaker, the assembly elects its Deputy Speaker. The Deputy Speaker, who presides over the House in the Speaker’s absence, has the same powers and performs the same functions as the Speaker.

Leader of the Opposition

The role of the Opposition is vital to the democratic process. The Members of the Assembly who have different views to the way the country should be governed are nevertheless also committed to the same principles laid down in the Constitution. To present these alternative views, a member, elected to serve as the focal point and presenter of such views, is known as the Leader of the Opposition. There are no fixed processes described in Rules of Procedure of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh for the election or the powers and duties of the Leader of Opposition, but the functions listed below have come to be accepted as the norm over time, and are now regarded as part of the Assembly. The Leader of the Opposition enjoys privileges equal to a provincial minister.


The parliamentary opposition bench has the following functions.

The opposition provides a counterpart and oversight role for government policies and through debate and exposition can modify or even redirect those policies. The views of the opposition allow the electorate to see different perspectives.

The Chief Minister

After the election of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, the Assembly cannot transact any other business than the election of the Chief Minister. This decision is made in a special session, summoned by the Governor on a day specified by the President. The Chief Minister will, then, obtain a vote of confidence from the Assembly within 60 days of assuming office.