Printer Friendly

Role of the Assembly

The main functions of the Sindh Provincial Assembly are described below:

To make laws

This function is naturally subject to certain limitations including:

Manager of the purse of the nation

Expenditure can only take place from the Provincial Consolidated Fund if it is authorized by the Provincial Assembly. The Provincial Assembly exercises checks over the executive through control over the Finance.

Approval of Budgets

The Provincial Assembly has the power to approve or refuse any demand in the budget and to reduce the amount specified in the demand. Once the budget is approved, the Government does not have the right to deviate from these sanctions. For excess expenditure the Government has to seek regularization from the Assembly. Audit reports of the Auditor General in respect of Sindh province are further scrutinized by the Public Accounts Committee of the Assembly.

Note that the Provincial Assembly is also a representative institution of the voice of the public and keeps checks upon policies, practices and performance of the Government acting as an oversight body. And the Cabinet is collectively responsible before the Assembly.

Rules of Procedure

At the first sitting of the Assembly after a general election, the members take oath. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker preside over the meeting but if both of them are not present, the Governor may nominate from amongst the members of the Assembly a Chairman who presides over the session.

Commencement of a session

A member may give notice in writing to the Secretary to move a resolution seeking a vote of confidence for the Chief Minister. The Secretary circulates the notice to all the Members and the Chief Minister then signs a statement that he/she has consented to move a resolution. The resolution may be taken on any day including a holiday or a non-official day. The Speaker then informs the Governor of the result of the vote.

There are four sessions of the Assembly every year. Every session begins with a recitation from the Holy Quran. The Speaker has the authority to suspend or hold another session if the points of discussion have not been adequately debated or if the matter is decided upon earlier than expected. The Assembly business is classified as government business and private business. The government business is arranged by the Secretary Assembly as conveyed by the Minister for Law and Parliamentary Affairs whereas private business is transacted as following;

The order of priority for the introduction of Private Bills is determined by ballot. Bills already introduced are be taken up in the following order:

The precedence of private resolutions is determined by ballot. A resolution not drawn in a ballot is be included in subsequent ballots in the same session of the Assembly. The Secretary prepares a List of Business for each working day for the Members.


The Provincial Assembly of Sindh has the power to initiate, pass and amend bills of law. However, a Bill that aims to amend the Constitution, cannot be presented to the President of Pakistan for assent unless it is passed by the Sindh Provincial Assembly and voted on by not less than two thirds of its total membership. Constitutional power for introduction and passing of money bills including the annual budget statement has been provided to the Provincial Assembly of Sindh.

The Provincial Assembly of Sindh has the power to initiate and pass a motion for the passing the vote of no- confidence against the Chief Minister of the province (only if the majority of the members voting are in favor of the vote of no confidence).


A proposal for law making must reach the Sindh Provincial Assembly in the form of a Bill. Bills are of three kinds:

Every Bill goes through three stages:

If a Standing Committee has not proposed any amendment in the Report, the Bill is passed on to the third reading. If amendments are recommended by the Standing committee to a Bill, then they require the assent of the House.

Once a Bill is passed in the House, with or without the amendments, it is sent to the Governor, who has three options within thirty days: he/she can grant assent (convert the Bill into an Act or Law); withhold assent (veto the Bill) with the exception of a money Bill; or return the Bill to the Parliament for reconsideration.

When the Bill has been returned to the Sindh Provincial Assembly, it shall be reconsidered by the Assembly and if it is again passed with or without any amendment by the Provincial Assembly through the votes of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly present and voting, it shall again be presented to the governor for assent and the governor shall not withhold assent after that.

A Bill pending in the Provincial Assembly of Sindh shall lapse on the dissolution of the Assembly.

The Budget

Discussions on the Budget take place by the Assembly in the following stages:

A general discussion on the Budget shall last for not more than four days, provided that not more than one day shall intervene between the presentation of the Budget and the commencement of the general discussion.


The Assembly will, during its first Session after the general election, elect Standing Committees for the duration of the Assembly. Each Committee will be representative of every department of the Government, for example there will be a Standing Committee for Food, one for Agriculture, one for Finance and so on. The Standing Committees shall examine legislative proposals with the best interests of their respective departments in mind. They will also follow the Rules of Procedure of Standing Committees meticulously.


The function of Committees is primarily to, a) support Parliament in its role in holding the government accountable for its actions, b) scrutinize all decisions of the Government, taking into account the needs of the public and, c) to support Ministers in carrying out their responsibilities and improve their management performance, not only as oversight bodies that participate in making policies at the highest levels, but also as representative of the different political parties so that there is a fair and just consideration of those policies.

Members of the Assembly

  1. Qualification and disqualification of members: 
    Disqualification can take place on grounds of defection, and was added in the Constitution in 1997.
  2. Privileges of members: 
    Members of the Provincial Assembly are free to voice their opinions. No member can be held accountable for any view expressed or any statement made during Assembly proceedings in any court of law.